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A nature « copy-paste » approach for an efficient metal-free polymerization route

Abstract : Dibenzoylmethane has been investigated as organocatalyst for the bulk ring-opening copolymerization (ROcP) of L-Lactide (LA) and ε-caprolactone (CL) initiated by alcohols at high temperature. Copolymer presenting a gradient to statistical structure has been generated. Kinetic study has pointed out that DBM is a poor chain end and monomer activator, the apparent acceleration of the ROcP process may be due to the in situ generation of carboxylic acids which can catalyze the reaction as well. Benzoic acid, a weak carboxylic acid, has then been investigated for the efficient bulk ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of LA and CL initiated by various alcohols at high temperature. The kinetic study has pointed out that LA and CL have different reactivity in presence of benzoic acid which acts as a bifunctional activator. The experimental results were supported by computational calculations. An array of statistical copolymer of varying LA/CL compositions have been synthesized by ROcP of LA and CL catalyzed by BA in presence of various alcohol as initiators in bulk at high temperature. Finally, miscellaneous organocatalysts have been tested for the ROcP of LA and CL.
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Leila Mezzasalma. A nature « copy-paste » approach for an efficient metal-free polymerization route. Polymers. Université de Bordeaux; Université de Mons, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019BORD0002⟩. ⟨tel-02918146⟩

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