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Contribution à l'étude de l'intégration et du découplage d'antennes associées à une paroi en matériau composite

Abstract : Communication systems on board modern military ships or land vehicles can be numerous. This results in particularly developed radiating systems. The compacity of these systems and radio compatibility are major challenges. Under the Samcom project, the project partners are working to exploit the advantage of composite structural walls in terms of integration of antennas wall and electromagnetic decoupling between radiating elements. This thesis focuses on two parts. The first part consists in the study of integration of antennas on wall made up of composite materials. This is essentially to ensure that the operating characteristics of the antenna associated with the supporting structure can be maintained when it is fixed to a composite wall. The second part of this thesis is related to antenna decoupling mounted on the same ground plane. The aim is to find techniques to reduce antenna coupling and thus the separation between them. Integration solutions examined in the thesis concern the implementation of ferrite materials, absorbent and high impedance surfaces. In the first case, we attempted to optimize the location of ferrites so as to minimize their volume, thus saving cost and weight. Artificial higher impedance surface (HIS) have been examined and a design procedure adapted to the wall of the composite of the SHI surface has been developed. We then discuss on the solutions of antenna decoupling on a composite wall. The first decoupling solution investigated concerns the use of electromagnetic absorbers. We show that this is a very suitable solution if we have an absorbent whose impedance contrasts with that of the incidence wave is weak on full band frequency under penalty of sides effects. The second option concerns the surfaces electromagnetic bandgap. To ensure adequate decoupling performance, BIE surface must be adjusted in height. An important part of this work is dedicated to the assessment of some innovative decoupling solutions based on the use of a single cylindrical conducting rod. Indeed, we show on the one hand a single rod can lead to significant decoupling in a narrow band while on the other hand, a set of cylindrical rods contribute to ensure a rather broadband decoupling.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02917942, version 1

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Georges da Silva. Contribution à l'étude de l'intégration et du découplage d'antennes associées à une paroi en matériau composite. Sciences de l'ingénieur [physics]. INSA de Rennes, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ISAR0017⟩. ⟨tel-02917942⟩

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