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Exploration d'anomalies mitochondriales dans les fibroblastes de patients atteints de déficit dans les voies de biogenèse des centres fer-soufre ou de synthèse de l'acide lipoïque

Abstract : The aim of this work is to study mitochondrial dysfunctions related to a defect of protein lipoylation in fibroblasts of 14 patients. These patients carry a point mutation in a gene encoding for a protein involved either in lipoic acid biosynthesis (LIPT1 or LIPT2) or in the mitochondrial pathway devoted to iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis (FDX1L, ISCA1, ISCA2, IBA57, NFU1, BOLA3) essential for maturation of mitochondrial Fe-S proteins such as lipoic acid synthase (LIAS). This work describes the second case of FDX1L deficiency and a patient with a new mutation in ISCA1 gene.We found that mitochondrial [4Fe-4S] proteins (mitochondrial aconitase, complexes I and II of the respiratory chain and LIAS) are mainly affected in fibroblasts of patients with defect in the mitochondrial Fe-S maturation pathway. Secondary, LIAS dysfunction leads to decreased lipoylation of PDHc and KGDHc, complexes involved in energy metabolism. Neither mitochondrial network nor oxidative stress biomarkers was modified in our study. Addition of exogenous lipoic acid did not rescue the mitochondrial deficiency.Protein expression profiles obtained in fibroblasts of patients suggest that NFU1, BOLA3 and IBA57 and also ISCA1, ISCA2 and IBA57 could function and interact together to form protein complexes.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02910196
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Elise Lebigot. Exploration d'anomalies mitochondriales dans les fibroblastes de patients atteints de déficit dans les voies de biogenèse des centres fer-soufre ou de synthèse de l'acide lipoïque. Biochimie [q-bio.BM]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS027⟩. ⟨tel-02910196⟩

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