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Theses

Nouvelles tendances de la poésie écrite en Afrique noire francophone de 1970 à 2000

Abstract : This thesis on written poetry has for object the knowledge of the kind between 1970 and 2000. It provides on a base of authors and texts, critical insight of the styles and the shapes like the content’s. Fourteen countries are included in the corpus. There are Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central Afiican Republic, Congo, DR Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Gabon, Guinea, Mali, the Niger, Senegal, Chad and Togo. This work is treated in three parts : the literary routes, important themes and the styles. On the thematic point of view, the poems have helped identify several routes of which the most relevant shows stages of the social deliquescence. Since the 70, themes of disillusionment, dismay and discomfort succeeded one another, corresponding to periods of the years 70/80, 80/90 and the 90s to 2000. All this ideas were labeled in the early works of Tchicaya U Tamsi, the precursor of this generation of poets. Meanwhile, a different trend, which carries hope, develops itself. These are the themes of race, love and revolution. As for poetry writing, an outbreak of forms happens, some carries more and more daring characters. Very often, the imagination will draw from the depths of cultures from creation materials. From fully allegorical poems (oscillating between dream and reality) to poems, perfect fusion between several poetic genres (where one is led to speak of the influence of oral poetry on written poetry) alongside more traditional poems built on the quest of fixe shape.
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Hélène N'Gbesso. Nouvelles tendances de la poésie écrite en Afrique noire francophone de 1970 à 2000. Littératures. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA030064⟩. ⟨tel-02905680⟩

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