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Migrations clandestines d'Amérique centrale vers les Etats-Unis : Actions en réseau et mobilité dans l'adversité en une ère de flux et de frontières.

Abstract : This thesis addresses the effects of the conflict between migration dynamics and the dynamics of border enforcement. The study focuses on the flow of Central American migrants heading to the United States. This flow follows a system of borders formed by a buffer zone throughout Mexican territory and a strip of land erected as a high-tech rampart on the southern border of the United States. Across this immense space, the border has created margins that migrants try to circumvent by entering an underground economy structured around the abuse on clandestine migrants in transit. The analysis of the migratory system of a village in Guatemalan highlands shows how the migration flow persists, despite the border, through the action in network of migrants. The comparison of about thirty experiences of men and women in clandestine movements reveals that the border affects the various actors in specific ways, depending on their gender as well as their social, economic and mobility resources. Migrants experience the border as a space of adversity to which they must constantly adapt to, by assuming it integrally, in order to be able to continue their journey to the place they imagine northward. This work, based on field investigations conducted between 2005 and 20012 during different stages of the migratory process (e.g. in places of origin, transit and destination) seeks to illustrate how a migration flow and its actors react to a contemporary system of borders.
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Argán Aragón. Migrations clandestines d'Amérique centrale vers les Etats-Unis : Actions en réseau et mobilité dans l'adversité en une ère de flux et de frontières.. Sociologie. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA030095⟩. ⟨tel-02905583⟩

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