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Theses

La télévision prend la parole. La Transition espagnole. Histoire, mémoire et médias

Abstract : This thesis seeks to analyse the historical interpretations produced by societies in order to interpret and understand their past events, thus being capable of creating and rebuilding their collective imagination and their identity. In this sense, this study will particularly focus on the meanings that “collective imagination(s)” give to recent historical events and battles that are emerging from the social conflict to control “historicity” and “memory”.It will start from the study of a political process of the Spanish transition. This event, controversial in the Spanish society, is subject to constant review both by historiography and literature, but most particularly by the media. Therefore, the analysis of the social and media representations of the Spanish transition proves to be, from our perspective very interesting, because they are historical productions with a strong influence on the construction of the Spanish “social memory”.This research is therefore part of the disciplinary field of “history of present time” and is interested in the “memory” and “the public uses of history”, including the historical representations that contribute to the creation of the “social memory”. Within this context, our study will address the construction of this social memory by starting to analyse the role played by mass media as instruments of transmission of “memory” and historicity. Therefore, this research will dedicate a particular attention to the historical storytelling that forms what some authors have called “media historiography” and that has been an important contribution to the social construction of the interpretation of the past and then the present time.In order to do so, we propose to examine the official storytelling that arises from public institutions and that has been conveyed by the media through different generic forms: informative productions, reports and documentary shows. Later, we will undertake the analysis of historical productions, as well as the contributions of historiography, in the understanding of this determinant event. Finally, with deep attention, we will tackle the study of audiovisual productions that are fictional and have historical material. Hence, by starting from the analysis of representations produced by this historical event, and the study of politico-cultural connections established between the present and the past told by these historical productions, our work seeks to understand the function of these in the construction of the “social memory”. This work also tries to understand the role played by audiovisual storytelling, or historical fictions, as connectors to memory and tools that created the history of Spanish society.We hope then to be able to verify the existence of a “media historiography” that contributes in a decisive manner to the construction of the “social memory”. In this sense, concerning the Spanish Transition, we aspire to answer the questions that the control of this “media historiography” imposes. We will do so first through the hegemony of the official storytelling, then by overtaking the State’s imposed frame and the resulting development of a conflict for the “memory” and control of “historicity”.
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Federico Bellido Peris. La télévision prend la parole. La Transition espagnole. Histoire, mémoire et médias. Littératures. Université Grenoble Alpes; Universitat de Valencia (Espagne), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAL012⟩. ⟨tel-02905484⟩

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