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« Je ne suis pas ton compagnon mon frère ». Ayllus, syndicats et métis : construction de l’altérité et changement social dans le Nord Potosi, Bolivie

Abstract : Evo Morales’s electoral victories - the first “indigenous” president of Bolivia - have confirmed the power of the bolivien rural movement, but it’s still stays divided. In the Andes, the Ayllus indigenous organization fights against the rural union organization for the control and the definition of the rural world. The researches analyse here this organizational dualism in the Northern Potosi, thought the “moral economy” concept and the study of the “peasant-indigenous” community. The investigation is mainly based on the fieldwork done, in the regional area, the local case of Chiro Ayllu, and the national and international connexions. Its Goal is to understand here the historical and structural processes of this dualism and analyse the actual constructions of the social categories of “peasant” and “indigenous”.The dualism is growing with the integration to the market economy and to the dominant society about the management of the Labor and natural resources. It also grows with the emergence of new leaders in the social organization, wich plays a role of intermediate between the community and the global society. Educated in shools and institutions of global society, those leaders started a a fight in different space of power to represent and define the rural world. A “symbolic boundary” between the two organizations is building from this actions, which the finality is the conquest of the politic power and the management of the development projects.
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Claude Le Gouill. « Je ne suis pas ton compagnon mon frère ». Ayllus, syndicats et métis : construction de l’altérité et changement social dans le Nord Potosi, Bolivie. Sociologie. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA030030⟩. ⟨tel-02905429⟩

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