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La contestation conservatrice aux États-Unis. L’influence des talk-shows radiophoniques conservateurs sur le conservatisme de l’après-Reagan (1988-2010)

Abstract : A new media genre that appeared in the late eighties, conservative talk radio in the US has played a significant role in the country’s politics. This research explores the history of the medium from 1988 to 2010. It argues that, throughout the period, conservative talk radio has been a powerful instrument of dissent and has played a very significant role in the Republican ascendancy of the mid-1990s. First, this research revisits the political and media context of the resurgence of conservatism in the 1960s in order to situate the genre in the communication tradition of the conservative movement and entertain the argument that the emergence of conservative talk radio as a political force in the early nineties represents “conservatives’ second rendezvous with alternative media.”Second, this dissertation analyses the phases of conservative talk radio during its golden age as well as its dominant pundits. It argues that conservative talk radio shows circumvented traditional media by establishing a “special relationship” with the Republican establishment as early as Bill Clinton’s first presidential campaign in 1992. In order to define such phases, this research focuses on Rush Limbaugh as the founding figure of the genre and then concentrates on Sean Hannity, Laura Ingraham and Michael Savage, the new hosts who emerged at the turn of the century. Last, the form and content of conservative talk radio programs are explored in order to show how dissent is engineered. This research then analyzes the apparatus and rhetoric of the programs, focusing on those that shaped the genre and made it famous. It explores the content of the four shows comparatively in order to demonstrate that the hosts unfurl a strategy of “tailored content.”
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Sebastien Mort. La contestation conservatrice aux États-Unis. L’influence des talk-shows radiophoniques conservateurs sur le conservatisme de l’après-Reagan (1988-2010). Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA030174⟩. ⟨tel-02903659⟩

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