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Etude des boites quantiques pour la réalisation d'un laser VECSEL bi-fréquence cohérent

Abstract : This PhD work focuses on several experimental studies, allowing to relate the performances of a dual-frequency laser to the structural and physics properties of quantum dots (QDs). These works aim to develop a new kind of VECSEL (vertical external cavity surface emitting laser), integrating lnAs/lnP QDs emitting at 1.55 µm, in order to make tunable and robust (i.e. involving a weak coupling between the two modes) dual-frequency laser Firstly, a growth study of the QDs is realized. The control of the growth parameters ensures the control of the density and the inter-QDs distance, and thus of the electronic coupling. Following this study, the growth parameters are carefully selected to get high density QDs; then the stack of the QDs planes forming the active medium is realized. The next study allowing the quantification of the photonic coupling by the homogeneous broadening are the electronic coupling is performed in quantum wells, quantum dashes and quantum dots, depending on the temperature and the carriers density. For this, saturated absorption spectroscopy, based on the Spectral Hole Burning (SHB) phenomenon, is used. The results obtained are linked to the last study that addresses the coupling between the two modes of the dual-frequency VECSEL by the measurement of the Lamb coupling constant. The measurement is performed in a quantum well based VECSEL first, to calibrate the experimental setup and to get the value for comparisons with QDs. Finally, preliminary results obtained in multimode operation of QDs based VECSEL are presented. They reveal to be very promising for the achievement of a dual-frequency operation.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02903102, version 1

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Gaëlle Brevalle. Etude des boites quantiques pour la réalisation d'un laser VECSEL bi-fréquence cohérent. Optique / photonique. INSA de Rennes, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019ISAR0023⟩. ⟨tel-02903102⟩

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