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Les "homestays" dans le delta du Mékong (Vietnam) : facteurs de réussite et effets de développement humain : cas d'étude île d'An Binh, province de Vinh Long

Abstract : Homestay tourism is an emerging research theme, especially in Vietnam, where it is fashionable nowadays, and is therefore often cited by local media, by local governments or as a research topic by students. Homestay is also a choice of economic activity for young people not only in big cities but also in rural areas, especially in Vinh Long province, located in the Mekong Delta, where homestay is considered as one of the most original tourist products. It is recognized by the authorities of Vinh Long province as an essential tourist product aimed at making tourism an important economic and cultural sector in the long term and contributing to the program of new rurality ("nông thôn mới"). In recent years, some studies have focused on the economic contributions of homestay in the Mekong Delta. We decided to conduct a study on homestay from a multi-dimensional perspective. The main research question is, “Is the development of homestay considered as a tool for human development from socio-economic, cultural and environmental perspectives?” In other words, does homestay allow homestay businessmen or homestay managers as well as inhabitants to expand their capabilities? From such points of view, the capability approach of the economist Amartya Sen (Sen 2000) provides a fresh perspective on the goals and future of homestay.The primary objective of this thesis is to examine the relationship between the capability approach, the homestay businessmen, and human development in the rural context of Vietnam. To carry out this research, the qualitative approach was employed, including bibliographic research, observation, participant observation, semi-structured interviews with 24 key participants-cum-stakeholders (six local authorities, one person in charge of local tourist company, 16 local inhabitants, and one tourist trainer), and the life history method with 15 homestay businessmen and homestay managers. These methods are complementary to each other with the life history method playing a pivotal role.The results of this thesis show that the development of homestay brings positive effects on the lives of homestay businessmen, homestay managers and their families in the respect of human development. More specifically, the development of the homestay allows those stakeholders to have more means to gain good health and knowledge, thus having access to important resources to pursue their rising living standards. Homestay has positive effects on the An Binh island’s inhabitants socio-economically, culturally, and environmentally. However, homestay tourism is not a magic wand capable of providing all solutions, which means it also has negative impacts, particularly socio-cultural ones.In order to make the development of homestay tourism more efficient on An Binh Island, the top priority is the implementation of different solutions such as the diversification of tourist activities, attention to authenticity, and orientation towards domestic tourists. More importantly, it is essential to enhance the agency of the inhabitants so that they can expand their opportunities in different dimensions of life. These solutions require effective cooperation between inhabitants, and private and public sectors involved in the sphere of entrepreneurship of homestay tourism.
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van Chat Nguyen. Les "homestays" dans le delta du Mékong (Vietnam) : facteurs de réussite et effets de développement humain : cas d'étude île d'An Binh, province de Vinh Long. Gestion et management. Université de Perpignan, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PERP0047⟩. ⟨tel-02902997⟩

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