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Theses

Inspection d'assemblages aéronautiques par vision 2D/3D en exploitant la maquette numérique et la pose estimée en temps réel

Abstract : This thesis makes part of a research aimed towards innovative digital tools for the service of what is commonly referred to as Factory of the Future. Our work was conducted in the scope of the joint research laboratory "Inspection 4.0" founded by IMT Mines Albi/ICA and the company DIOTA specialized in the development of numerical tools for Industry 4.0. In the thesis, we were interested in the development of systems exploiting 2D images or (and) 3D point clouds for the automatic inspection of complex aeronautical mechanical assemblies (typically an aircraft engine). The CAD (Computer Aided Design) model of the assembly is at our disposal and our task is to verify that the assembly has been correctly assembled, i.e. that all the elements constituting the assembly are present in the right position and at the right place. The CAD model serves as a reference. We have developed two inspection scenarios that exploit the inspection systems designed and implemented by DIOTA: (1) a scenario based on a tablet equipped with a camera, carried by a human operator for real-time interactive control, (2) a scenario based on a robot equipped with sensors (two cameras and a 3D scanner) for fully automatic control. In both scenarios, a so-called localisation camera provides in real-time the pose between the CAD model and the sensors (which allows to directly link the 3D digital model with the 2D images or the 3D point clouds analysed). We first developed 2D inspection methods, based solely on the analysis of 2D images. Then, for certain types of inspection that could not be performed by using 2D images only (typically requiring the measurement of 3D distances), we developed 3D inspection methods based on the analysis of 3D point clouds. For the 3D inspection of electrical cables, we proposed an original method for segmenting a cable within a point cloud. We have also tackled the problem of automatic selection of best view point, which allows the inspection sensor to be placed in an optimal observation position. The developed methods have been validated on many industrial cases. Some of the inspection algorithms developed during this thesis have been integrated into the DIOTA Inspect© software and are used daily by DIOTA's customers to perform inspections on industrial sites.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 20, 2020 - 3:15:17 PM
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Hamdi Ben Abdallah. Inspection d'assemblages aéronautiques par vision 2D/3D en exploitant la maquette numérique et la pose estimée en temps réel. Matériaux. Ecole des Mines d'Albi-Carmaux, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020EMAC0001⟩. ⟨tel-02902981⟩

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