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L’evoluzione della novella sui giornali e sulle riviste italiane : il caso della « Rassegna Settimanale » (1878-1882)

Abstract : This research was originally based on the objective to individuate the newspapers and the periodicals that, in the early post-unity era, hosted the novellas of the most important writers of the time. However, even if we took into account some interesting publishing examples and the evolution of press in the 19th century, we decided to focus on the case of “Rassegna Settimanale”, since we believe that this hebdomadal, founded by Leopoldo Franchetti and Sidney Sonnino in 1878 in Florence, played an essential role in the evolution of modern novella. Therefore, in order to give the reader the opportunity to gather the innovations produced by the Florentine periodical, the first chapter illustrates the historical, political and socio-cultural context of the journal. While during Risorgimento the idealistic and oligarchic concept of society was prevailing, starting from the ‘70s Franchetti and Sonnino’s thought introduced new subjects into the debate about the relationship between elites and farming masses, between the North and the South. In their thought there is a new idea of State, seen as a super partes welfarist authority, called to intervene in the economic life of the Country to fight mistreatments and social disequilibrium. The new perspective about masses and poverty is the foothold for the rise of verism and novella, which becomes the typical genre of modernity when novelists dismiss omniscient narration and opt for a type of narrator supporting a less stylized idea of the working class. That is, novella turns into short story when it assumes the ideological perspective suggested by the directors of “Rassegna Settimanale”. Taking into consideration the theories of novella composition advocated by Edgar Allan Poe, the contraintes established by the journal (especially standard length and organic connection with the social themes dear to the two directors) turn out to be essential to the future acknowledgment of the genre. For these reasons, the last part of this research consists of a reinterpretation of novellas of the journal’s most renowned writers, such as Giovanni Verga, Mario Pratesi, Matilde Serao, Renato Fucini, Emilio De Marchi, in light of the new publishing conditions fostered by Sonnino and Franchetti.
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Marco Borrelli. L’evoluzione della novella sui giornali e sulle riviste italiane : il caso della « Rassegna Settimanale » (1878-1882). Philosophy. Université de Lyon; Università degli studi Roma Tre. Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici, 2020. Italian. ⟨NNT : 2020LYSEN012⟩. ⟨tel-02902806⟩

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