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Caractérisation multi-physique de la durabilité d'un sol traité à la chaux pour une application aux digues maritimes

Abstract : In the context of dike construction, the lime treatment of clayey soils improves their properties and avoids importing other high quality materials. Such treatment could reduce the environmental and economic cost of the raw material carriage. Several studies in the literature showed that the lime treatment of soil increases the mechanical strength and the resistance to erosion. However, the impact of the environmental stress on the material durability, especially in marine environment, was not taken into account in these studies. The work presented in this thesis dissertation is part of the CPER-FEDER PACA Digue2020 project, of which the purpose is to build a marine dike using a lime treated soil and to monitor the dike sustainability. The goal of our work is to evaluate in the lab the durability of the lime treated soil by reproducing a marine environment. Wetting-drying accelerated cycles using standardized sea water are defined to reproduce the alternate phases of emersion and immersion of the dike. The uniaxial mechanical strength, the resistance to internal and external erosion, and the porosity are evaluated. These properties are chosen in order to assess the durability of the dike. The material electrical resistivity and seismic wave velocities are evaluated during the hydric cycles to correlate these material properties with the state of degradation due to the cycles. The effect of the hydric cycles is a non-linear decrease of the geomechanical properties. The reduction of the properties is fast during the first cycles then it slows down. Geophysical properties prove complementary in characterizing the lime-treated soil properties. The perspectives of this work are to perform in situ testing on the Digue2020 dike. On-site results could be compared with lab test results in order to evaluate the representativeness of lab tests and their protocol. A long term geophysical instrumentation is planned to monitor the properties of the lime-treated and non-treated materials within the Digue2020 earthwork
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Margot de Baecque. Caractérisation multi-physique de la durabilité d'un sol traité à la chaux pour une application aux digues maritimes. Géotechnique. Université Paris-Est, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PESC2078⟩. ⟨tel-02899988⟩

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