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La dimension spatiale de la violence conjugale

Abstract : By adopting a “meso” view focused on gender relations in public space, the gender geography shows that sexism against women is operating as a method of areas control. Although part of this trend of geography, this thesis adopts a “micro” view focused on conjugal relationships. It treats the issue of domestic violence’s power effects on the way that female partners live their own space. We constructed a research process built on the “standpoint” epistemology and an ethnographic approach. The data collected with this process including participant observation in a women’s shelter, semi-structured interviews, discussion groups, mapping workshops with women survivors of domestic violence and interviews with key professionals. The analyzed data shows that domestic violence circulates and fits into all the spaces, contributing to the domestic rationale whereby female partners are assigned to the domestic sphere and limited to a traditional role. Moreover, this type of violence reduces for women the opportunities to frequent some areas and limits their commitment in the social play. Loss of spatial skills and abandonment of spaces could be a consequence. This leads to a depletion of diversity for the benefit of a male appropriation of private and public spaces and a female domestic place. Beyond domestic violence policies and the social accompaniment set up to support women in recovering their spatial skills after separation, this research thesis paper wondering how the spaces settlement could prevent from this phenomenon. Its stresses on the relevance of building some spatial continuities between the private sphere and the public sphere, minimizing the breaks in order to promote the co-presence and inter-knowledge within habitants and prevent from social isolation. Furthermore, the mapping of shared spaces in neighborhood reinforces the diversification of the frequented areas and a women's contribution to the rules of collective governance near their home. The articulation of these elements contributes to a deconstruction of gender roles and enhances an areal citizenship, a necessary tool to prevent from violence against women and especially domestic violence.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 25, 2020 - 11:47:12 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02898938, version 1


Evangelina San Martin. La dimension spatiale de la violence conjugale. Géographie. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BOR30031⟩. ⟨tel-02898938⟩



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