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Le "paysage urbain", généalogie et pratiques actuelles

Naouel Bchir Jaber 1
1 IPRAUS - Institut Parisien de Recherche Architecture Urbanistique Société
UMR AUSser - Architecture Urbanisme Société : Savoir Enseignement Recherche
Abstract : The trendy “urban landscape” concept is still subject to significant reluctances from some architecture and landscape professionals and theorists. Whereas many others are in an opposite approach and attempted since the seventies to build an urban landscape theory. As part of this scientific debate, we have set as a goal, for our thesis work, to study the conditions of occurrence and existence of the concept. Thus, and to answer our main question : “when and under what conditions is there an urban landscape ?”. We’ve looked at three stakeholders’ approaches: artists ; theorists and professionals and finally the city people. In addition to their important roles in defining this concept, it is the multiplicity and complexity of their interactions -both at the representations and practices levels- that motivated our choice. The first part of the thesis develops a genealogical approach using a corpus of pictorial works. This allowed us to identify some of its important historical moments and figures. Secondly, we have been interested in urban landscape as a concept, by considering many theorists and practitioners positions. Therefore, it was possible to identify some patterns in the theoretical and practical terms related to this concept. The perception of an inhabited and practiced urban landscape, which particularly interests us, was approached by three surveys conducted in several methodological ways. We had two questions : where contemporary society stands related to urban landscape ? And what connects the projects of designers and the lived experiences of inhabitants ? These surveys, allowed us to discover important common sense familiarity with the concept and to identify, in respondents’ speeches, a set of criteria connected to landscape, city landscape and urban landscape
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Submitted on : Monday, July 13, 2020 - 1:12:11 PM
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Naouel Bchir Jaber. Le "paysage urbain", généalogie et pratiques actuelles. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Paris-Est, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PEST1044⟩. ⟨tel-02898114⟩

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