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L’usage des logiciels de simulation dans les dispositifs hybrides en formation des sciences pour élèves ingénieurs : étude évaluative à l’ENSP - Ecole Nationale Supérieure Polytechnique- de Yaoundé

Abstract : This research explores two subjects of study. The first subject concerns the study and evaluation of hybrid devices by considering as a specific case the MASTEL & MASSICO devices offered by the ENSP as part of its eLearning programs in order to assess the level of satisfaction of learners on this mode of education. The second subject relates to the study of the impacts arising from the use of simulation software used in the educational content of these devices on the effectiveness of training in order to assess the development of skills of engineering students in the context of eLearning.The diagnostic analysis of the MASTEL & MASSICO devices shows that the educational design adopted in the design of the MASTEL & MASSICO devices was more oriented towards a more open interactional scheme between the tutor and the learners via the incentive or interactive tools. It has been observed that 90.56% of survey respondents are satisfied with the use of these embedded tools in the Moodle platform chosen by the ENSP as a virtual digital learning environment. It also appears that learners' responses are guided by the ease of use. Indeed, 96.07% say that Moodle is easy to use. The use of software in the context of training favors a pedagogy by skill and a more individualized learning together with the cognitive and / or metacognitive development of the learner. It is clear that while the use of software brings satisfaction to the actors, it is nonetheless true that the lack of remote activities using software in the practice of EAD in hybrid devices, is a limit major use identified by all actors. And even if the device incorporated possibilities of remote simulation, the problem should persist in the sense that the know-how developed at a distance does not confer the well-being (attitude and behavior) required in the discipline. For example, the in-situ observation of the learners of the MASTEL & MASSICO devices during the phase of the face-to-face grouping makes it possible to note that the success of the test via the software does not absolutely confer a real object manipulative skill in a context of business.The analysis of the impact of the use of simulation software in the context of training in engineering sciences has made it possible, according to our study, to encourage the acquisition of a large number of skills, including the ability to synthesize (procedural competence), analysis (exploratory competence) and operational (manipulative competence). It was observed that the devices deployed at the remote phase to ENSP gave the learners more procedural competence and at the face-to-face stage a manipulative skill. The latter, being the most sought after in a business environment, unfortunately only lasted for a short period of two weeks over the two semesters of the course, which is not to the taste of the learners. A recommendation emerges from this study, which is that of solving this major imbalance by considering scenarios to invest in development research or efforts will focus on the industrialization of devices incorporating the concepts of virtual laboratory the only way to guarantee professional development skills of trainees.
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Janvier Fotsing. L’usage des logiciels de simulation dans les dispositifs hybrides en formation des sciences pour élèves ingénieurs : étude évaluative à l’ENSP - Ecole Nationale Supérieure Polytechnique- de Yaoundé. Education. Université de Cergy Pontoise, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019CERG1040⟩. ⟨tel-02897970⟩

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