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Les poèmes du Crépuscule urbain chez Baudelaire : l’ironie dans le lyrisme de la modernité

Abstract : After having tried to be modern through his romantic aspirations during the 1840s, Baudelaire’s vision depends more and more on a pessimistic and critical perception of historical and existential reality. It is then that the first of the four poems, which are thedirect object of the present thesis, appears: “Le Crépuscule du soir”, in 1852, followed by the prose poem of the same title in 1855, then “La Fin de la journée” and “Recueillement” in 1861; finally, by a new version of the prose poem in 1862. When readtogether successively, these five texts, composed in the course of more than ten years, and which share the same theme —the feeling that the subject feels at nightfall in the modern metropolis— seem to us very likely to reveal a profound meaning in the evolution of Baudelaire’s poetics.Revolving around the immanent tension in their theme, the “urban crepuscule” : a tension between an intimate, lyrical pole of the “evening”, and a realistic, disenchanted pole of the “city”, our reading of these poems tries to show how Baudelaire, defining his position in the fluctuating literary field of mid-nineteenth century France, has imposed a new path, as paradoxical as “heroic”, yet without seeking to hide his oscillation between “modernity”— even if still vague in definition— and an ideal of “pure”lyricism.
Keywords : Dusk City Modernity
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Jihyun Kim. Les poèmes du Crépuscule urbain chez Baudelaire : l’ironie dans le lyrisme de la modernité. Littératures. Université Rennes 2, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020REN20030⟩. ⟨tel-02896353⟩



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