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Créolisation et usages du tambour malbar dans l'espace social réunionnais : Ethnomusicologie d’une pratique symbolique en perpétuel réajustement

Abstract : Of Indian origin, the tambour malbar is a one skin and circular drum which is used, in Reunion Island, on Hindu religious manifestations particularly since the 19th century. Strongly connected to those circumstances because of its main function to call deities and as an instrument of sacred music, during a long time, the tambour malbar has been exclusively reserved to religious use. If this musical culture is present, for example, in literary themes of creole Reunionese music in the 20th century, it’s from the mid-1980s that a new look is given to this instrument, by some local artists, and particularly with its physical integration inside concert music. This thesis on the uses of the tambour malbar wants to describe its creolization phenomena; those phenomena are not only given by the diversification of its uses since this period but also by the re-localization of cultural practices from India in Reunionese creole area as early as the 19th century.The tambour malbar can be considered as a symbolical practice permanently readjusted because it answers to specific expectations given by each context where it is simultaneously used. Source of impoverishment for some people, of richness for others, the explosion of the uses of the tambour malbar in the Reunionese social area gives to this instrument an identity both plural and contrasted, necessary unstable, which transforms it continually (in terms of form and music) as the circumstances of its use evolve. This research thus proposes different points of view enabling an approach of the tambour malbar on Reunion Island nowadays.
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Stéphanie Folio-Paravéman. Créolisation et usages du tambour malbar dans l'espace social réunionnais : Ethnomusicologie d’une pratique symbolique en perpétuel réajustement. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université Côte d'Azur, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020COAZ2004⟩. ⟨tel-02895126⟩

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