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La liberté de la presse au Royaume-Uni depuis 1998

Abstract : The period since 1998 is comprised of many paradoxes for the freedom of the press in the United Kingdom: some progress has been made but new hurdles have arisen. The newspaper industry’s credibility as a public interest medium is dependent on its ability to hold governments and other societal actors to account for their actions. This means that the press has a duty to communicate reliable information and pay due respect to journalistic ethics. Yet there are tensions between the commercial logic and the defence of the public interest. The inability of the self-regulatory system to put a stop to malpractice and the impact of the press economy’s progressive deregulation on the plurality of voices are points of contention. References to a “crisis” of the press abound within the various discourses, against a background of a lack of human and material resources being devoted to investigative journalism. The position granted to journalistic practice has changed since 1998, due to the recognition of the freedom of expression as a qualified positive right. However, the press is subject to curbs and pressures in relation to economic structures. Furthermore, it has to deal with measures involving prepublication censorship and self-censorship as well as the risks in relation to the seizure of journalistic material and the disclosure of sources. In the digital age, the ability of the press to practise freely has been shaken by developments in the United Kingdom’s anti-terrorist strategy and mass surveillance. Against this background of economic, political and technological changes, some elements of the traditional press have been capable of adapting, reinventing and reaffirming their legitimacy. This has resulted in new paradigms of cooperation such as transnational project partnerships. By going beyond the interests of competing publications, these partnerships are making it possible to deal with large-scale matters in the public interest.
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Mélanie Anderson-Dupéré. La liberté de la presse au Royaume-Uni depuis 1998. Histoire. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020PA030025⟩. ⟨tel-02894991⟩

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