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La voie de l'inclusion par la médiation au musée des beaux-arts : des publics fragilisés au public universel

Abstract : We study museums as a privileged place of inclusion for the audiences weakened by medical, social or medico-social issues. Our infocommunicational approach is based in the relationship between museum, audience and third party mediator, in museum education (mediation). Firstly, the museum's social roots and its desire for democratization make it relevant to the issue of museum and social inclusion. Secondly, vulnerable audiences are presented through the representations that surround them, the terms that describe them, the status of their accompanying persons in the museum, and that of culture in social work and health. Thirdly, museum education (mediation), through devices and museum educators (mediators), as well as by mobilizing museum-health relations, defines mediational approaches aimed at vulnerable audiences, between integration, inclusion and involvement. Our comprehensive research method allowed us to extract three target audiences (people : with Alzheimer's disease, learning French, visually impaired) in order to globalize the approaches. Six target museums (musée des Augustins in Toulouse, musée du Louvre-Lens in Lens, musée du Louvre in Paris, musée Fabre in Montpellier, Montreal museum of fine arts in Montréal, Museum of Modern Art in New-York) have allowed us to produce corpuses and interviews. Our thoughts for entering the path of inclusion are to think : on the one hand, a transversality of fragility leading to increase the universality of a mediation in universal design and to consider a single universal audience; on the other hand, the merger of the mediator / special educator partnership through a new hybrid museum-health operator : the remediator.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 8, 2020 - 9:25:23 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02893130, version 1

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Muriel Molinier. La voie de l'inclusion par la médiation au musée des beaux-arts : des publics fragilisés au public universel. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019MON30039⟩. ⟨tel-02893130⟩

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