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Anthropologie religieuse du Templo Mayor, Mexico: La Maison des Aigles

Abstract : The House of Eagles was a key sacred space in the religious life of Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Mexica Empire. It was built and expanded three times during the Fifteenth Century. The building stands out not only because of its great size but also because of its "neo-Toltec" decorative style. Between 1980 and 1997 the Templo Mayor Project of the Institute Nacional de Antropología e Historia (Mexico) conducted three extensive excavation seasons at the House of Eagles. This investigation is based on the abundant information obtained thereby, as well as a large accumulation of documents including pictographs, sources written in Latin script and modem ethnographic studies. This thesis includes an exhaustive analysis of the House of Eagles exploring its formal characteristics such as techniques, chronology, use of space and style. Archaeologically recovered materials were also studied with an emphasis on their biological, technological, economic, and symbolic aspects. The last section deals with the question of the function and religious significance of the structure using evidence of a widely different nature: the urban context, the chemical composition of the floors, the arrangement of architectural spaces, and the style of reliefs and mural paintings. Finally, the archaeological and historical data are used to identify the House of Eagles with a structure of the Sacred Precinct of Tenochtitlan described in the sources.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 7, 2020 - 5:27:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02892788, version 1

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Leonardo López Luján. Anthropologie religieuse du Templo Mayor, Mexico: La Maison des Aigles. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université de Paris X Nanterre, 1998. Français. ⟨tel-02892788⟩

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