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German exile in Ferramonti di Tarsia : stories of Jews fleeing Germany

Abstract : The aim of the thesis is to tell the stories and the internment path of some German Jewish emigrants and refugees who arrived in Italy during the 30s of the last century and at the beginning of the Second World War, studying in particular those who they passed through the concentration camp of Ferramonti di Tarsia. In the first part of this work, the historical context in which the different stories of emigration from Germany to Italy were grafted was outlined. We then focused on the rapid rise of Nazism and analyzed the so-called “Jewish question”, focusing on the relationship between Jews and National Socialism within the Reich, on the development of anti-Semitism at European level, on the problem of emigration from the German territories, and finally on the reception in Italy. Finally, there was a specific stay on the concentration camp of Ferramonti di Tarsia, from its opening until the last days of life. The second part of this work is instead made up of three chapters that bear the name of some German cities: they are the cities from which, from time to time, those whose internment stories we decided to tell come from. In particular, the order of the cities was established on the basis of the data that emerged from the research, and in the choice of the stories we tried to represent, as much as possible, the wide range of cases in front of which we found ourselves. The nineteen reported stories, which refer to forty-one Jews who passed through Ferramonti, in fact tell of an internment path often different from one case to another, just as the way in which many German Jews arrived in Italy were also different. the conclusion of their journey as migrants or refugees. Among the various data that emerged, the first was clearly that relating to the total number of Jewish German citizens who have been interned, for more or less long periods, in the Ferramonti camp, and who at the present state of research have been 314. Looking at the cities of birth, if it was confirmed the fact that was foreseeable at the beginning of the research that there was Berlin in first place, with 49 born in the German capital, it was instead much more surprising that the second city was Bratislava, which with its 18 born precedes Leipzig and Frankfurt, which they follow respectively with 15 and 11. And not a few are also 34 Jews, with German citizenship, who were however born in countries other than Germany, of which 17 in Poland and 8 in Italy. Instead, 46 were born in cities that today are no longer German, but that were part of Germany in the period considered. Other data, reported in the research, concern the number of stateless persons, gender, age and profession of internees, and not least the number of those who have been deported to the Nazi death camps and have not survived to the Shoah.
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Stefano Nicola Sinicropi. German exile in Ferramonti di Tarsia : stories of Jews fleeing Germany. History. Université Paris sciences et lettres; Università degli studi (Bologne, Italie), 2020. Italian. ⟨NNT : 2020UPSLP017⟩. ⟨tel-02891089⟩

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