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Développement de méthodologies analytiques innovantes dans le domaine des compléments alimentaires à base de plantes : séparation, purification et caractérisation de marqueurs spécifiques

Abstract : Principal limitation to natural product analysis is the access to the analytical standards of molecules considered as markers or potentially dangerous. Their emerging issues are the common thread of this doctoral work. The first objective was to study the performances of HPTLC-MS coupling via Interface MS 2 in the field of plants markers identifications that are commonly used in dietary supplements elaboration. It seems that this coupling is really usefull for routine control, because resulting mass spectrometric informations may permit plants identifications in accordance with pharmacopoeias monographs. But, in case of structural elucidation of new active compounds, the obtained results are extremely uncertains. The second objective was to evaluate CPC performances in the field of markers isolation at an industrial scale. To illustrate this study, valepotriates have been chosen. These secondary metabolites are regulated all over the world but the access to their analytical standards remains problematic. After a chromatographic method development at an analytical scale, a non lineary scale up based on the « free space between peak » concept has been performed. For the first time, this concept has been applied to two molecules which, in addition, are co-eluting. CPC allowed a one step isolation of two structurally close molecules at over 95% purity and with 90% recovery. More over, this study permitted to confirm the structure of 7-homovaltrate which was ambiguous. The third and last objectif was to evaluate HRMS for the characterization and the quantification of family of compounds. To illustrate this study, pyrrolizidine alkaloids family (PA) has been selected. These molecules are responsible of tens of thousands deaths around the world. HRMS afforded identification of AP which analytical standard is not available in weed commonly incriminated in food contamination. This put into perspective the relevance of the results obtained through a method that only quantifies available analytical standards of AP. Furthermore, HRMS informations allowed to discriminate a molecule wich had the same fragment ions as the AP but which wasn’t an AP.
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Mélissa Clément Chami. Développement de méthodologies analytiques innovantes dans le domaine des compléments alimentaires à base de plantes : séparation, purification et caractérisation de marqueurs spécifiques. Chimie analytique. COMUE Université Côte d'Azur (2015 - 2019), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019AZUR4113⟩. ⟨tel-02888832⟩

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