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Dynamiques urbaines et mobilité quotidienne

Abstract : Car use declining in the last decade has created reflections on the reasons of this new trend of mobility. In France, the explanations focus on non spatial variables like rising of fuel price, age effect, generation effect… while abroad the redistribution of population between cities and within cities is considered as an important aspect of the car use declining. With the annual time series data on fiscal households and survey on households mobility provided by ParcAuto, we analyze the impact of metropolization and urban sprawl on car use. For that purpose, we have constructed some categorical sizes of metropolitan area and some urban development forms with the evolution of distribution of households between the dense municipalities and periphery part of these metropolitan areas. The results show that the vehicle kilometer declines significantly in large urban perimeter than medium and small one. On the other hand, slow urban sprawl residents use fewer cars than those living in rapid metropolitan area households. In the small metropolitan areas, the level of household growth can’t differentiate the travel behavior of the inhabitants. However, those living in large metropolitan area commute longer distance by car than those living in medium and small metropolitan areas. These results encourage urban renewal politics in central cities and recommend reducing investment in housing in the outskirt
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Kablan Koffi. Dynamiques urbaines et mobilité quotidienne. Economies et finances. Université Paris-Est, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PESC2074⟩. ⟨tel-02887365⟩



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