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La question du réel dans la poésie de la seconde moitié du XXe siècle : survivance de la poésie réaliste du XIXe siècle dans les pratiques poétiques contemporaines (Philippe Jaccottet, James Sacré, Philippe Clerc)

Abstract : The imperative of the real that characterizes contemporary poetry since 1950 is at the heart of the poetic practices of Philippe Jaccottet (1925-), Philippe Clerc (1935-) and James Sacré (1939-). Tthey are in part, keeping up with the themes of the realist movement of 19th century poetry, (Max Buchon, François Coppée, Sully Prudhomme, Charles Baudelaire, Jean Richepin). But the real reappears in these practices with a new gaze, a new concern, and above all a new claim. On the contrary to 20th century poets, still steeped in the desire to have the real comply with the poem’s claims, this new generation is representative of a theoretical and practical change: the real is in itself the material of the poetic act. Set in motion by practices far from each other, modeled by different cultures, they make choices in language and demand rigor and simplicity in order to account of the real. Our work aims first at showing the evolution of the meaning and the writing of the real in 19th century poetry. This study will bring us then to analyze the different aspects of the writing of the real in the works of the three poets we have chosen, and to underline how they differ from their predecessor, and determine their specificity and their position in contemporary poetry.
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Khalil Al- Hmedi. La question du réel dans la poésie de la seconde moitié du XXe siècle : survivance de la poésie réaliste du XIXe siècle dans les pratiques poétiques contemporaines (Philippe Jaccottet, James Sacré, Philippe Clerc). Littératures. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU20039⟩. ⟨tel-02885749⟩

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