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Le « Palais de Trajan » dans le paysage de Bosra (Syrie) au VIe siècle apr. J.-C.

Abstract : The disciplines of comparative architecture and archaeology are combined in this study of the “Trajan’s Palace”, vast urban residence from the Late Antique Period in Bosra, southern Syria. The surveys detail the variety of the construction processes, the excavations highlight the luxuriousness of the private thermal baths, while the small finds not only provide positive dates for the various construction phases, but also evidence of decorative features no longer extant, together with the personality and lifestyle of the occupants. A comparison of the architecture with that of other edifices from the basalt region and other major cities throughout the Roman Empire supports an interpretation of the remains and, with the assistance of a digital model, the reconstruction, at least hypothetically, of the missing sections. The size and refinement of constructions, the presence of a triconchos and private bath, together with restored domes, endorse the identification of the building as an official residence. An inventory of other monuments in use or constructed at that time, public buildings, urban elements, and sanctuaries, and an analysis of its position in the city help to specify the rank of this palace and to identify its occupants. Finally, its proximity to the largest church in Bosra, rather than a comparison with other known contemporary episcopal complexes, possibly assigning it to the Church’s heritage, sustains the hypothesis that it was the official palace of the metropolitan see. This review of the Bosra landscape highlights the diversity of the monuments and the variety of sources available to study them, while opening prospects for future investigation and study.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02883759
Contributor : Pauline Piraud-Fournet <>
Submitted on : Monday, June 29, 2020 - 1:59:03 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 9, 2020 - 3:11:32 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-02883759, version 1

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Pauline Piraud-Fournet. Le « Palais de Trajan » dans le paysage de Bosra (Syrie) au VIe siècle apr. J.-C.. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Paris Sorbonne, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-02883759⟩

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