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Représentations imagières et textuelles des femmes sur les monuments funéraires attiques de l’époque classique

Abstract : Despite the difficulties in identifying women’s voices in classical Athens, the funerary context is quite enlightening about iconographic and written representations of the deceased. Epitaphs, short inscriptions as well as more detailed epigrams, give us an insight into how women, whether Athenians’ wives, mothers, sisters or daughters, were named and commemorated. Studying together connected inscriptions and images as a whole puts a light on a new set of meanings. Funerary monuments, displayed in public spaces, are indeed communication devices, addressing the passer-by or the deceased themselves.Epigraphical and iconographical evidence are crossed-referenced in this study, which focuses on archaeological data, but also literary ones, in order to define masculine and feminine views on women. Most of conventional representations inscribe Athenians wives and daughters in their social relativity, to such an extent that they appear framed, in the inscriptions as well as in the images. However, our analysis shows that the communication embedded in epigrams, especially between husbands and wives, temper this framing phenomenon, by giving us access to a more personal situation. Some even echo the husband’s or the deceased wife’s voice. Finally, representing women in a frontal view on classical attic funerary monuments is another way for these women to express themselves, if not by their speech, at least by their gaze.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 7, 2020 - 10:31:31 AM
Last modification on : Friday, September 4, 2020 - 9:03:12 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-02883745, version 2


Élise Pampanay. Représentations imagières et textuelles des femmes sur les monuments funéraires attiques de l’époque classique. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE2130⟩. ⟨tel-02883745v2⟩



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