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Microsociologie politique comparée de la mémoire du développement en milieu rural à Madagascar (Itasy) et au Maroc (Souss Massa Drâa)

Abstract : Over the years, development operations have left many marks, which intertwine in the landscape and overlap in the people’s memory. While the approaches regarding development deal mainly with the future and are seldom focused in analyzing the past, this thesis aims at studying the memory of the development operations for the inhabitants of 7 communes in Madagascar and Morocco. Using a mixed methods research and both quantitative and qualitative data analyses, this thesis sets out to understand the narratives, evocation and recollection of material and intangible imprints left through carrying out development projects and programs. This thesis is structured around three dimensions: the memory reconstruction processes, the narratives’ contents and the differential use of the memory as a resource. This thesis provides a multi-disciplinary approach to understanding development operations and proves that the memory of these operations is turned by the people into a set of resources, unevenly distributed among individuals. Finally, this thesis challenges the mainstream discourse on development history, taking an innovative perspective.
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Matthieu Brun. Microsociologie politique comparée de la mémoire du développement en milieu rural à Madagascar (Itasy) et au Maroc (Souss Massa Drâa). Science politique. Université de Bordeaux, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BORD0314⟩. ⟨tel-02883421⟩

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