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La transcription des préceptes du developpement durable au sein des villes camerounaises : cas des villes de Douala et Yaoundé : quel modèle de durabilité ?

Abstract : African cities are currently at the heart of many transformations as a result of political dynamics, the search for economic development, the global integration of environmental concerns, the quest for national unity and social cohesion. All these dynamics attract more people from the countryside to the city and thus promote rapid urbanization. This results to urban sprawl and shantytowns which are the juxtaposition of precarious neighborhoods. This mainly questions the capacity of the institutional actors in charge to develop strategies of anticipation in land allocations. The biggest cities (Yaoundé and Douala) of the countryoscillate between the consolidation of an outdated urban planning and the transcription of the sustainable development precepts. However, there remains in this movement an ideological break between the strategic visions of urban development carried by the public authorities (the State) and local urban practices from (urban) populations whose expectations are different. Different forms of traditional appropriation of the latter create an impression of urban rurality shocking the public authorities who desire the world community largely influenced by the precepts of sustainable development. This break according to our analysis, gives to theCameroonian cities, although influenced by the precepts of sustainable development, a morphological segmentation. Also, Western influence is maintained only through financial and sometimes technical aid, meaning that the primary motivation of African states, in a situation of financial precariousness since the crisis of 80s, compared their inclusion in globalenvironmental concerns based on the notion of aid: the African belief in the West-savior. It is therefore important to know the type of sustainability in Cameroon: Which actors for which sustainable city ?
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Carine Tandzi Limofack. La transcription des préceptes du developpement durable au sein des villes camerounaises : cas des villes de Douala et Yaoundé : quel modèle de durabilité ?. Géographie. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE2107⟩. ⟨tel-02880456⟩

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