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Repeupler la ville en déclin : Politiques de peuplement, trajectoires résidentielles et minorités ethniques à Detroit (Etats-Unis) et Saint-Etienne (France)

Abstract : Facing decades of deindustrialization, “white flight” and disinvestment, urban governments from Detroit (US) and Saint-Étienne (France) embody the contemporary form of urban shrinkage. Now that ethnic minorities and low-income households make up the bulk of their population, these cities appear to be on the “losing” side of the interurban competition.This dissertation first takes on the construction of populating policies as a response from local governments to urban shrinkage. The comparison depicts different forms of populating policies shaped by local regulations. Second, this research studies the effect of such policies on neighborhoods and on ethnic minorities who are not targeted. Relying on more than a hundred interviews and on a statistical analysis of local data, the comparison shows a distinct evolution of the neighborhoods in France and in the US. The role of market actors and public housing policy is emphasized to explain these dynamics. In Saint-Étienne, ethnic and socioeconomic segregation appears to be stable while it undergoes a tremendous change in Detroit as a result of developers reinforcing the transformation of urban space.
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Henri Briche. Repeupler la ville en déclin : Politiques de peuplement, trajectoires résidentielles et minorités ethniques à Detroit (Etats-Unis) et Saint-Etienne (France). Science politique. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSES061⟩. ⟨tel-02879357⟩

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