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Caractérisation et modélisation des facteurs associés à la symptomatologie dépressive chez les étudiants. : Une étude comparative entre différentes régions de la France hexagonale et La Réunion

Abstract : During the transition to higher education, students seem to go through a commonly shared experience. However, some show weaknesses and are more vulnerable and prone to developing depressive disorders. These can namely trigger the student to quit studying. Therefore, taking student's mental health into account and providing them with better support could prevent a disruption of their academic journey. Success in university exams, the scale of personal work involved, concerns about the uncertainty of a successful professional integration, distance from family, solitude, as well as active and university social contexts are among many factors involved in weakening students.The objective of this work is to identify such psychological and contextual indicators that allow characterizing the variability of vulnerabilities to depression, both at inter- and intra-individual levels.This thesis work was carried out upon two databases: the French student cohort study "I-Share" and the data provided by a study involving repeated measurements in daily living.A first study allowed the situational analysis of mental health issues diagnosed among students.In a second study, we identified factors of vulnerability to depression depending on various French territories (Ile-de-France, Reunion Island, Bordeaux and "other regions of France").Lastly, in a third study we developed a mathematical and numerical method aimed at analyzing emotional and cognitive variations in daily life while taking into account the time component.Results from the first study showed that almost 3%of students declared having received a diagnosis of depression.The second study showed that in reality 30% of students present depression-type symptomatology and that associated psychological and contextual factors vary depending on French territories.The results of the third study highlighted new indicators of intra-individual variability related to the depressive symptomatology in daily life. Then, we characterized profiles with different depressive feelings.Results are discussed and we propose axes of development to adapt to each territory's reality and to the specificity of student profiles in order to progress in terms of public and university health.
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Coralie Vennin. Caractérisation et modélisation des facteurs associés à la symptomatologie dépressive chez les étudiants. : Une étude comparative entre différentes régions de la France hexagonale et La Réunion. Psychologie. Université de Bordeaux, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BORD0133⟩. ⟨tel-02878336⟩

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