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Dispositifs microfluidiques dans les mousses polymères : fabrication, modélisation et applications biologiques.

Abstract : Microfluidics and an appropriate substrate are essentials for the design of low-cost point-of-care diagnostic devices. The particular mechanical and structural properties (porosity, elasticitydots) of polymeric foam are unique among the other widespread materials in microfluidics (PDMS, paper, plastic materials, glass, silicondots). A systematic screening of the different capabilities provided by polymeric foam as a new substrate for microfluidics is offered in this thesis. First off, a shaping process is proposed for the production of fluidic microsystems. This new process relies on the combined usage of a polymeric foam and an elastomer to produce highly elastic fluidic systems that keep the initial structural properties of the foam. Based on a controlled and repeatable embossing technic, the process is compatible with industrial production. A coupled numerical model also allows its optimization. The resulting foam microfluidic devices have, besides capillarity, a decisive asset : the option of a manual compression or an external peristaltic actuation for a contamination-free control of the microfluidic flows. The peristaltic actuation can function as a pump and as a valve. A lumped elements model enables a dynamic reproduction of the fluidic behavior inside the foam channels. To ensure proper integration in low-cost portable devices, the fundamental stages of a diagnostic test (retrieval and preparation of a sample, detection) are validated. We show that filtration of objects of only a few tens of micrometers in size is possible. The foam devices can also be chemically functionalized to optimise the capture of specific biological targets. The fluorescent or colorimetric detection of biological elements is equally possible by means of isothermal DNA amplification. Finally, a blood typing prototype gives access to the blood group of a whole blood sample in a few minutes. This last test is carried on an integrated device which highlights the main benefits of a foam device : robustness, user-friendly, embedded reagents, multiple materials combination, transport of a biological sample by external compression controlled by an operator, direct readout of a result in a few minutes.
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Submitted on : Friday, June 19, 2020 - 12:22:50 PM
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Giacomo Gropplero Di Troppenburg. Dispositifs microfluidiques dans les mousses polymères : fabrication, modélisation et applications biologiques.. Autre. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAI060⟩. ⟨tel-02874976⟩

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