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Les missions militaires françaises au Japon entre 1867 et 1889

Abstract : After Japan established diplomatic relations with foreign countries between 1854 and 1858, it tried to make progress in various areas following its isolationist period in an attempt to catch up to Western nations. To reach this goal, the Japanese encouraged visits from foreign experts who came to share their knowledge and to contribute to the modernization of the country in the second half of the 19th century. France was one of these international partners, and French-Japanese collaboration was strong in terms of military efforts through several French military missions to Japan between 1867 and 1889. The history of the cooperation between the two states often mentions these missions because French military instructors aimed to educate Japanese officers and soldiers following the French method, and the French officers founded a whole system that allowed Japan to manage its army based on the French model. Furthermore, the French military’s presence in Japan was a key element of French diplomacy in Japan in the 1860s, made possible by the transfer of power from the shogun to the emperor after the Meiji Restoration, whereby political leaders wanted to Westernize Japan. French military missions during this era not only represented the close relationship between the two countries, but also France’s goal of becoming a great global power.
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Masaya Nakatsu. Les missions militaires françaises au Japon entre 1867 et 1889. Histoire. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCC299⟩. ⟨tel-02874750⟩

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