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Réflexion sur la tolérance et le vivre ensemble au Burkina Faso : esquisse pour une éducation à la tolérance à l'école primaire

Abstract : Burkina Faso which is known to be a country of ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious diversity is currently going through a crisis in community living together due to a social and societal imbalance. This imbalance has its distant causes in colonization and its recent causes in the model of postcolonial society. The rise in intolerance, hatred and the multiple forms of violence in the coexistence of communities questions the coherence of the Burkinabe model of society but also its educational system, precisely education in the values of tolerance and coexistence. How to ensure that traditional values related to tolerance in primary school education are taken into account so that the younger generations can live while accepting their differences in a context where the traditional channels of education in values have crumbled in favor of school education, colonial heritage. We conducted a two-stage survey with teachers and pedagogic supervisors. The first stage consisted in individual interviews and group interviews with a first group of teachers and pedagogic supervisors. The aim is to analyze the crisis in community living among Burkinabe; to identify the underlying factors to this crisis as well as the common and shared main values to promote in order to restore community living while accepting differences. It is about knowing-how, justice and peace, social dialogue, good citizenship, mutual respect in differences, respect for human dignity and integrity, solidarity and mutual aid, equality and equity. The implementation of any education in tolerance in primary school education should be built on these values. For the second stage of the survey, panels were held with another group of teachers and pedagogic supervisors. It aims at outlining the basic elements to implement on education in tolerance in school programs based on the main, the common and shared values. Yet, should an education for tolerance in primary school curricula be effective, should teaching and learning approaches that encourages reinvestment of school skills in society be adopted. Besides, this requires to put formative and summative evaluation together. However, the effectiveness of education for tolerance requires recruiting more teachers, reviewing the content of initial training, and emphasizing continuing education for teachers and pedagogic supervisors.
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Souleymane Yago. Réflexion sur la tolérance et le vivre ensemble au Burkina Faso : esquisse pour une éducation à la tolérance à l'école primaire. Education. Normandie Université, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019NORMR107⟩. ⟨tel-02874583⟩

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