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Médecine et médecins dans l’historiographie chinoise. Biographies de médecins et anecdotes médicales dans les vingt-six histoires (Ershiliu shi 二十六史)

Abstract : Historiography has always been a major discipline in Imperial China, producing among other works the encyclopedic corpus known as the Twenty-Six Standard Histories. This dissertation aims at examining the place dedicated to medicine and physicians in this corpus. Written following a very specific modus operandi, the Standard Histories provide the readers numerous biographies of experts in medicine (yi 醫). As we know today, these texts were more prescriptive than descriptive, and one should not base any serious historical study of medicine on these sources alone. The question then is how to make the most out of the large amount of information they bring to scholarly attention. To answer this question, I first propose a synthetic overview of historical writings in China, of the textual genres to which they belong, with a special focus on the biographical genre, and then undertake a statistic and analytic study of the place dedicated to medicine in Chinese historical records. The second part of the dissertation deals more specifically with the one hundred and forty-two biographies of physicians contained in the Standard Histories: after having identified, classified and analyzed all of their contents, I set out the uses that can be made of this huge piece of information in the fields of textual criticism, social history, and the history of medicine.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 16, 2020 - 9:46:08 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02869508, version 1

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Valentin Philippon. Médecine et médecins dans l’historiographie chinoise. Biographies de médecins et anecdotes médicales dans les vingt-six histoires (Ershiliu shi 二十六史). Littératures. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PSLEP023⟩. ⟨tel-02869508⟩

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