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Le marché français du livre d’économie (1945-2015) : contribution à une histoire sociale des idées économiques

Abstract : What do we learn when studying economic ideas through their impagination? In this dissertation, we take the stance that economic ideas are partially elaborated according to the specific logic of cultural industries: the economy is indeed represented through several means such as books, scientific papers, press articles, but also comic books, documentaries or paintings. Each of these formats has an impact on the production and consumption of economic ideas. This stance unfolds in three distinct research paths. First, the production and consumption of economic ideas are analysed as cultural practices bearing high profits of distinction. In post-WW2 France, economic knowledge has been central in claiming political legitimacy, as well as in individual and collective strategies to reinforce positions in the political space, public administration, private companies and academic institutions. Second, by focusing on cultural mediators – here, publishing companies – we show that there is no automatic relation between supply and demand of economic ideas: by working on that relation, publishers directly participate in the making of the cultural goods being traded (here, economic books), as well as they take part in the production of legitimate authors and readers of economic ideas. Most specifically, we show that publishers largely contributed in making economics the knowledge of “white collars” (the cadres), therefore participating in the affirmation of that social group. Finally, analysing the market of economic ideas enables us to shift our focus from an academic-centered approach of the history of economic ideas. Authors of economic books indeed form a multi-professional space, in which scholars neighbour high civil servants, business and political leaders. This dissertation hence initiates the cultural study of an “economic culture” which, by being opposed to “ideologies”, constitutes a powerful means in legitimizing or contesting the social order.
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Jean-Michel Chahsiche. Le marché français du livre d’économie (1945-2015) : contribution à une histoire sociale des idées économiques. Science politique. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA01D063⟩. ⟨tel-02867854v2⟩

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