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Avant-garde et révolution. Pour une critique des implications politiques de la théorie du cinéma d’avant-garde, avec l’étude du cas de Jean Epstein

Abstract : Faced with the institutional and hegemonic ideological reappropriation of the emancipatory pretensions of what we call « Avant-Garde Art », this research aims at questioning the ideological and the social assumptions of such a paradoxical situation. Considering that cinema offers the most fertile research field, and confronting some of the most important recent studies on avant-garde cinema, this work criticizes the formalist approach while endeavouring to understand its ideological and political stakes in order to rethink, not only the concept of « Avant-Garde Art », but also Modernity and the vision of the Modern Age itself.Conceiving modernisation as a process of secularisation and democratisation of the socio-cultural spheres, the dynamics between critics and apology of the institutions, between stylistic or technical tradition and innovation, might rearrange themselves – according to a dialectical-materialist approach – as positions taken when faced with ideological and political conflicts related to the progress of Modernity and the discovery of its limitations. Intertwining poetical gestures with their ideological premises while leaving behind the definition that reduces Avant-Garde Art to a series of abstract formal breaches, we are led to acknowledge an evolution of Avant-Garde tendencies, reciprocally conflictual, reactionary and progressive.With this in mind and contrary to the hegemonic critical and historiographical discourse, we have attempted to show the reactionary dimension of both the theoretical understanding and the political instrumentalization of cinema formulated by Jean Epstein.
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Virgilio Mortari. Avant-garde et révolution. Pour une critique des implications politiques de la théorie du cinéma d’avant-garde, avec l’étude du cas de Jean Epstein. Musique, musicologie et arts de la scène. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA030026⟩. ⟨tel-02865564⟩

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