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Caractérisation physico-chimique et réactivité d'espèces biogéniques sur un site de mesure en forêt des Landes : impacts sur la qualité de l'air

Abstract : At the global scale, forests are the largest emitters of VOCs. Once released into the atmosphere, VOCs will be fastly oxidized to oxygenated compounds. Depending on their volatility and reactivity, these oxidation products may themselves be re-oxidized, remain in the gas phase and/or be transferred to the particulate phase to form secondary organic aerosols (SOAs). This thesis aimed to better characterize biogenic VOC concentrations (BVOCs) and more especially their reactivity with atmospheric oxidants (i.e. the hydroxyl radical (OH), ozone (O3) and the nitrate radical (NO3)), in order to identify the main precursors of SOA formation within a maritime pine forest. The metrological development of a gas chromatographic analyzer has made possible the online and specified measurement of 20 BVOCs including isoprene, α- and β-pinene, 2 and Δ3-carene, α- and γ-terpinene, linalool, camphene, etc. This analyzer and some other instruments for the measurement of trace gases and aerosols were used during the summer of 2017 as part of the LANDEX intensive campaign in one of the largest pine forests in Europe (> 95% Pinus pinaster) located in the southwest of France. A principal component analysis of meteorological data and BVOC measurements showed that BVOC concentrations were mainly dependent on their emissions, the ambient temperature, the solar irradiation and the atmospheric stability. The analysis of the reactivity of the identified VOCs with the main atmospheric oxidants has helped to show the contrast between processes involving OH radical during daytime and ozonolysis at night. Finally, it was determined that the ozonolysis of β-caryophyllene, α-pinene, myrcene, and linalool, and the OH initiated oxidation of isoprene were the main sources of oxidation products, as SOA precursors, within the Landes forest.
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Kenneth Mermet. Caractérisation physico-chimique et réactivité d'espèces biogéniques sur un site de mesure en forêt des Landes : impacts sur la qualité de l'air. Chimie analytique. Université de Bordeaux, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BORD0363⟩. ⟨tel-02865396⟩

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