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Galaxy clusters in the cosmic web

Abstract : As the most massive bound structures in the universe, galaxy clusters are a powerful probe of the impact of environment on galaxy evolution. In this work, I present AMASCFI, a new cluster finder algorithm using photometric redshifts I developed during the PhD and use the cluster catalogue obtained on the Canada France Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey (CFHTLS) to investigate the role played by clusters and their environment on galaxy evolution. We show the good performances of AMASCFI on Euclid and the CFHTLS using mock data. In particular AMASCFI is 90% pure and 70% complete to z<0.7 for the latter. We then apply AMASCFI to the CFHTLS T0007, and infer a mass for each detected cluster using richness as a proxy. Using our cluster catalogue, we study the redshift evolution of the galaxy luminosity functions (GLFs) of early-type (ETGs) and late-type (LTGs) galaxies at different cluster masses. We observe that the ETG GLF faint-end drops at high redshift, the red sequence (RS) being already formed at z~0.7, but enriched by faint ETGs at z<0.7. This could be due to quenching of LTGs in the cluster or accretion of faint ETGs pre-processed in infalling groups. To investigate the role of pre-processing, we use the method of Laigle et al (2018) to detect filaments from photometric redshifts and show that it allows to recover the 3D cosmic web at CFHTLS accuracy. We apply it to the CFHTLS and detect filaments around AMASCFI clusters. Studying the distances of ETGs and LTGs in these filaments to clusters, we conclude that some quenching occurs in filaments. We suggest that this might be due to strangulation in galaxy groups though we still lack conclusive evidence for such a mechanism.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02865366, version 2

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Florian Sarron. Galaxy clusters in the cosmic web. Astrophysics [astro-ph]. Sorbonne Université, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SORUS366⟩. ⟨tel-02865366v2⟩

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