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L’interaction tactile pour médier le travail d’accompagnement des personnes avec autisme

Abstract : This doctoral work focuses on the design and implementation of tactile edutainment interfaces via a user centered approach applied to Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Individuals with ASD display heterogeneous sensorimotor features. In the tactile modality, some individuals may have a very high threshold of resistance to pain, while others may not be able to bear a caress. Adapted tactile stimulations in a controlled environment can prove beneficial for their wellbeing. Based on a user-centred design approach, a mechatronic device has been designed and implemented to enable healthcare professionnals working with ASD patients to perform kinesthetic tasks adapted to their needs. The prototype affords an effective working surface of 30 by 42 cm that requires users’ motor skills. Following a user-centered approach, two studies have been conducted to identify application opportunities and how to integrate them in professionnal pratice. Additionally, we studied vibrotactile perception in social condition to better understand the cognitive mechanisms involved in the general human population and to guide possible usage of tactile interface for autism. Our results confirmed the relevance of the user-centred approach in an engineering design process, especially regarding sensorial and motor stimulation applications in the context of care-taking for people with ASD.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02865340, version 1

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Alix Perusseau-Lambert. L’interaction tactile pour médier le travail d’accompagnement des personnes avec autisme. Robotique [cs.RO]. Sorbonne Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SORUS322⟩. ⟨tel-02865340⟩

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