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Sociologie de l'alimentation de rue : la socialisation alimentaire aux seuils des espaces publics et privés dans les kampungs de Jakarta

Abstract : In Jakarta’s poor districts eating patterns are characterized by frequent and rather solitary meals bought and eaten in the street as a result of a weakening of at-home culinary practices. The food system is integrated to the informal economic network and is embedded in the particular context of Indonesian kampungs marked by a hybrid lifestyle between urban and rural; densely inhabited neighborhoods and homes; and by the spatial integration of different realms of life (home, work, religion, education, public and social life). From a socio-anthropological perspective, this thesis aims to provide explanatory elements regarding the relations between modes of food socialization and the configurations of these living spaces. Following three analytical axes (social, economic and spatial), an ethnographic survey composed of several methods and a representative quantitative survey of the adult population of a kampung were conducted. Through the analysis of the data, this research demonstrates the plurality of individual daily food itineraries and presents an autonomous eater as much in his food choices as in the temporalities. This autonomy is reinforced by preferences for the purchase of ready-to-eat products and revolve around the social value of exchanges between sellers and buyers. The social morphology of the kampung is characterized by ties of neighborhood and kinship built on the traces of migrations that have constituted the population and which are reinforced by the precarious situation. The boundaries between “private” and “public” spaces are blurred in favor of a communalization of resources, and the relations between eaters and sellers go beyond the commercial links to anchor themselves more deeply on solidarity and the feeling of belonging. The social change experienced by some families is manifested in the material and symbolic accentuation of the border between the “public” and “private” spheres and by food socializations that take place outside, in the kota.
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Laura Arciniegas-Rozo. Sociologie de l'alimentation de rue : la socialisation alimentaire aux seuils des espaces publics et privés dans les kampungs de Jakarta. Sociologie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019TOU20012⟩. ⟨tel-02865216⟩

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