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Les petites et moyennes entreprises et le développement économique. Le cas du Chili ˸ perceptions et analyses

Abstract : SMEs are often considered as important economic actors in Chile’s industrial, agricultural, commercial and service activities. However, they do not seem to have achieved a redistribution of growth in line with what the country has experienced in recent years. Hence, Chilean SMEs face problems that often make it difficult for them to survive, grow and contribute to Chile’s development. This thesis explores the perceptions of SME managers and seeks to understand the differences that arise between the discourses of economic and political leaders on the importance of SMEs and their reality. How they understand the Chilean development model? What place do they reserve for innovation to face the challenges they are confronted with? Chapter I deals with SMEs in general: it highlights the complexity of this subject of study and situates them within the economic thinking from the 18th to the 20th centuries. We present the contribution of SMEs to the economy and development, as well as the many definitions used in thirty countries. Chapter II is devoted to Chile as a nation, its history, characteristics and current challenges. Chapter III deals with Chilean SMEs, their development since 1964, their place in the economy and the difficulties they face. Chapter IV details our epistemological choices and the use of a mixed qualitative and quantitative methodology. Chapter V analyses the interviews conducted with fifteen experts on SMEs; Chapter VI gives voice to fifty SME managers. Their data are analysed using ATLAS.ti software and semantic maps. Chapter VII presents the results of a large « Enquête Nationale PME » (large SME national survey) that we deployed across the country and in which 2,275 SME managers participated. The thesis thus articulates three plans: a theoretical one, with a reflection on the role of SMEs in our societies; a methodological one, with the use of triangulation and a mixed methodology to approach the complexity of SMEs; and finally a practical one with the formulation of recommendations to support Chilean SMEs and the concept of ProtAgony which combines the role of protagonist and the struggle, the agony that affect many SMEs.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 11, 2020 - 3:51:15 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02864939, version 2


François Le Calvez. Les petites et moyennes entreprises et le développement économique. Le cas du Chili ˸ perceptions et analyses. Economies et finances. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA030009⟩. ⟨tel-02864939v2⟩



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