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Rire sous la dictature, rire de la dictature. L'humour graphique dans la presse indépendante ˸ une arme de résistance sous le régime militaire brésilien (1964-1982)

Abstract : This thesis deals with the political role of various forms of graphic humor – charge, caricature, cartoon, engraving print and photomontage – published in the independent press under the military regime established as a result of the 31st march 1964’s coup. We analyse the styles, mechanisms and protester practices specific of humoristic drawings and satirical images from the authoritarian power’s institutionalization to the reinvention of the independent ways of expression in the early 80’s. Against a background of progressive regime’s closure, police repression, extreme reduction of the legal scope of political action and severe restrictions imposed on freedom of expression, the graphic humor was used by the editorial offices in order to circumvent the various forms of censorship and fight against the authoritarian imaginary. The reinterpretation of some practices that has been part of the Brazilian visual humor tradition built from the rise of the print press in the XIXth century, was accompanied by major aesthetic, thematic and militant evolutions in a moving connection with the forbidden, the tolerated and the allowed. The newspapers, the cartoonists and the events were representative of important steps in the development of symbolic and legal struggles led by the independent editorial teams. The diversity of iconographic, manuscript, printed and oral sources reveals the huge synthesis power and the crucial purpose of graphic humor within the building of thematic and visual universes characteristic of the fights – and the discrepancies – of the Brazilian democratic opposition’s movements.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02864906, version 2

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Mélanie Toulhoat. Rire sous la dictature, rire de la dictature. L'humour graphique dans la presse indépendante ˸ une arme de résistance sous le régime militaire brésilien (1964-1982). Histoire. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III; Universidade de São Paulo (Brésil), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA030007⟩. ⟨tel-02864906v2⟩

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