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Development of conducting polymer devices for the monitoring of in vitro barrier tissue models

Abstract : In vitro cell models are widely accepted platforms for toxicological studies. However starting from the 2D models, improvements are needed to reproduce the physiological environment of the tissue. Advances in tissue engineering have given rise to 3D barrier tissue models that recreate cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. However, electrical platforms to quantify barrier tissue permeability hasn’t followed the rapid pace of models complexification. In this work I explore the possibilities to design conductive polymer-based devices adapted for the characterization of barrier tissue models. Conventional electrical tools used to evaluate integrity of barrier tissues are made of metal electrodes placed on each side of the tissue. This technology presents limitations when it comes to analyzing customized 3D tissue models due to issues in electrode size and stiffness. As an alternative option to metal electrodes, organic electronic materials have shown great promise to interface with biological tissues. In particular the Organic ElectroChemical Transistor (OECT) using PEDOT:PSS has already shown great efficiency to quantify electrical properties of barrier tissues in 2D. Thanks to microfabrication techniques they can be miniaturized and tuned to form mechanically compliant interface with a range of biological tissues. In this thesis, OECT compatibility with models such as tracheal cell culture at the air-liquid interface, spheroid models and microvessel-on-a-chip system has been tested. The achievements described in this work present significant progress in the field of in vitro platforms of barrier tissue modeling for toxicology and drug discovery testing.
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Magali Ferro. Development of conducting polymer devices for the monitoring of in vitro barrier tissue models. Other. Université de Lyon, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSEM017⟩. ⟨tel-02861904⟩

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