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Theses

Médiation sensible : des dispositifs d'expression tangibles pour s'approprier et comprendre l'objet smartphone

Rose Dumesny 1
1 PROJEKT, EA 7447 / Université de Nîmes
UNIMES - Université de Nîmes : EA7447
Abstract : The increasing complexity of digital objects such as smartphones makes them increasingly opaque. The study of the digital ecosystem requires an analysis of the objects that compose it, organize it and structure it. Opening these "black box" objects, deconstructing them, "desopacifying" them, is an essential way to better understand them. It is about lifting the veil, making visible and intelligible the ecosystem that underlies the functioning of digital objects, inaccessible and opaque for most of the people. The objective of the thesis is to identify the effects of a sensitive mediation to the digital, which is based on tangible devices designed according to the principles of ludic design and "cultural probes". By "sensitive mediation to the digital", we mean a mediation of digital knowledge that operates through tangible devices. To do this, two experiments designed and implemented as part of the thesis are studied. The first is called “Datapics” and is based on a system that allows to lead workshops on the manipulation of shapes and materials based on the subjective representation of the smartphone. The second is called “BlackOut” and is based on a device to materialize and manipulate the sensors embedded in smartphones. In both experiments, the tangible mediation devices show the inside of the "black box" by decomposing smartphones into functions/materials (Datapics) or sensors/modules (BlackOut). The thesis shows that through the workshops of manipulation of these tangible devices, there is a sensitive mediation to the digital that has two effects: an appropriation effect and an understanding effect. The experience of the workshops thus contributes to modifying the participants' representations and "desopacifying" the smartphone. Conducted in an industrial environment, this thesis shows that it is possible to humanize the most advanced digital technologies in a context of increasing complexity and opacity.
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Rose Dumesny. Médiation sensible : des dispositifs d'expression tangibles pour s'approprier et comprendre l'objet smartphone. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université de Nîmes, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019NIME0004⟩. ⟨tel-02861634⟩

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