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Rôle des différences interindividuelles dans la reconnaissance visuelle des mots : effets de voisinage orthographique par suppression d’une lettre et de confusabilité d’une lettre substituée

Abstract : Word recognition, according to the adult readers’ lexical skill differences (reading, spelling and vocabulary levels). To do so, we tested the orthographic neighborhood frequency effect by deletion and substitution of a letter in lexical decision (Exp.1, 4), progressive demasking (Exp 2, 5), denomination (Exp. 3, 6), and color categorization tasks (Exp.7). Response times were longer and the error rates were higher for words with at least one higher frequency neighbor than for words without such a neighbor, which can be explained in terms of lexical competition. In addition, the lexical competition of the higher-frequency deletion neighbor seems more important for individuals with high lexical skills than for those with low lexical skills (Exp 1, 3), the latter showing difficulties in inhibiting the competitor. Furthermore, individuals with low lexical skills were slower and less accurate than those with high lexical skills (Exp 1-7). Data from the categorization task (Exp. 7) suggest difficulties in setting up inhibition for these individuals. Finally, we have shown that the orthographic neighborhood frequency effect was influenced by the confusability of the substituted letter, differing according to the lexical skills of the individuals (Exp 4-6). In the theoretical framework of activation-interactive and spatial coding, the data highlight the importance of readers’ differences in lexical skills for the diffusion of lexical activation and inhibition in visual word recognition.
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Emilie Dujardin. Rôle des différences interindividuelles dans la reconnaissance visuelle des mots : effets de voisinage orthographique par suppression d’une lettre et de confusabilité d’une lettre substituée. Psychologie. Université de Bordeaux, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018BORD0065⟩. ⟨tel-02805767⟩

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