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Faire ou non parti ? : la Centrale des Travailleurs Argentins en quête d’une stratégie politique face au néo-libéralisme (1991-2013)

Abstract : December 2002, the Argentinean Workers’ Union (Central de Trabajadores Argentinos, CTA) decides to form a Political, Social and Cultural Movement. Everything suggests that the Central will create a political party. The ambition of the actors is to propose a left-wing alternative to the economic and social crisis that has affected the country for a year. Paradoxically, it is only from 2006 that a partisan construction begins whilst a left-wing government leads the Country and all the socio-economic indicators have improved. Why is the CTA reluctant to join in 2002? Why is it doing it in 2006 when the crisis is already behind? How is the party built? The objective of this thesis is to decipher this enigma through the understanding of the game of interdependencies between unions, social movements and political parties. Two hypothesis are defended. During the 1990s, the strategy of challenging neoliberal policies led the CTA to position itself at the intersection of different social universes, forging multiple relationships with unions, social movements and political parties. Because of the density of these networks and the intensity of the interactions between its components, a multi-sectoral environment, that we will call the "oppositional milieu", has been formed. It is because of the competitive games played both within the Central and the oppositional milieu, that the partisan construction strategy is hindered. The second hypothesis holds that partisans’ strategies led by trade unionists are the result of a cleaved habitus. Their reconversion into the political field is partial and they resist to adopt practices and logics specific to the political game, at the risk of compromising the electoral viability of the party. The demonstration is based on a socio-ethnographic survey conducted during three field trips conducted between 2011 and 2015.
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Walter Francisco Nique Franz. Faire ou non parti ? : la Centrale des Travailleurs Argentins en quête d’une stratégie politique face au néo-libéralisme (1991-2013). Science politique. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA01D060⟩. ⟨tel-02798953⟩

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