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Effet de l'incorporation de tourteaux de graines d'hévéa (Hevea brasiliensis) ou de tourteaux d'anacarde (Anacardium occidentale) sur les performances de pintades (Numida meleagris) en Côte d'Ivoire

Abstract : Guinea fowl farming is important to fight rural poverty in Africa. However, the high cost and unavailability of imported feed are limiting factors for the development of this farming. The objective of this work was: 1) to make an overview of the conditions of guinea fowl farming in Ivory Coast; 2) to evaluate the effect of the incorporation of hevea seed meal (Hevea brasiliensis) or cashew nut meal (Anacardium occidentale) into the diet of local or selected guinea fowl in Ivory Coast. The work started by a survey of guinea fowl breeders. Then, a study was carried out on the effect of the incorporation of hevea seed or cashew nut meals as a partial replacement for soya in the diet of two guinea fowl strains. Finally, a sensory analysis on the meat of these guinea fowls was undertaken.The main results are 1) a diagnosis of guinea fowl farming in Ivory Coast. 2) The use of hevea seed meal in the diet of growing and finishing guinea fowl had no negative effect on growth performance and carcass yield .3) The use of cashew nut meal in the diet led to poor performance. 4) The use of hevea seed meal led to a significant decrease of abdominal proportion and to a guinea fowl meat enriched with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. The sensory analysis led to a preference for guinea fowl fed the hevea seed meal supplemented diet. In conclusion, hevea seed meal is a good partial substitute for soybean in the diet of local or imported guinea fowl in Ivory Coast.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/tel-02787338
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Gningnini Alain Kone. Effet de l'incorporation de tourteaux de graines d'hévéa (Hevea brasiliensis) ou de tourteaux d'anacarde (Anacardium occidentale) sur les performances de pintades (Numida meleagris) en Côte d'Ivoire. Science des productions animales. Agrocampus Ouest, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019NSARC143⟩. ⟨tel-02787338⟩

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