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Temps, espace et identités : recherches sur les coexistences religieuses dans la Rome tardo-antique (312-410)

Abstract : The fourth century AD is admittedly a major turning point in the history of Western Europe. The evolution of Christianity from the status of a marginal culture within a religious group to that of a cultural and normative pole within society constitutes an important transition specific to Late Antiquity. This transition from margin to norm started from the social frameworks of time and space, acting as strong identity markers. The great amount of evidence from the "Vrbs", its position as historical capital, as its recognized status as important city for the development of Christianity, make it a specific research framework. This study, which focuses on the sharing of time and space between the victory of the Milvius Bridge (312) and the sack of Alaric (410), reconstructs the organization of the times in the city and explores the mechanisms behind the development of the calendar structure of the Church within this urban space (part 1). On the basis of a catalogue that brings up to date the "LTVR(S)", this study rebuilds the polytheistic topography and scrutinizes the material inscription of the Christian cult on the Roman territory (part 2). On the basis of these cross-sectional analyses and case studies (part 3), it also attempts at understanding the modes of religious co-existence and interaction within a society. The results point towards a sense of continuity rather than breaking. This dissertation reveals a model that favours integration and conformation strategies to the Roman dynamics in the sharing of time and space. It argues in favour of a religious cohabitation mostly peaceful led by a common identity investment focused on the "Romanitas".
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 2, 2020 - 1:10:58 AM
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Vincent Mahieu. Temps, espace et identités : recherches sur les coexistences religieuses dans la Rome tardo-antique (312-410). Histoire. Université Paris sciences et lettres; Université catholique de Louvain (1970-..), 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PSLEP029⟩. ⟨tel-02724808⟩



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