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Développement de poudres à base de MgH2 et de complexes de métaux de transition pour le stockage solide de l’hydrogène

Abstract : Although hydrogen is widely recognized as a promising energy carrier, its widespread adoption as alternative to fossil fuels depends critically on the ability to store hydrogen at adequate densities, cost and security. Application devices are far from a valuable technology, and fundamental research is still required. In this regard, solid-state systems present the advantage of denser and safer hydrogen storage. Among them, Mg/MgH2 is considered as a highly promising material in terms of reversibility, cost, gravimetric and volumetric capacity. However, high thermodynamic stability (high formation enthalpy) and slow hydrogen sorption kinetics limits its practical applications.This project aims to develop Mg/MgH2-based systems with improved hydrogen storage properties thanks to the use of additives. The originality of this work is brought by the kind of additive chosen, transition metal complexes (Ni and Ru based, with phosphine ligands). Indeed, they are, for now, only very little used in the literature. The objective of this work is therefore to study their potential and their efficiency to improve the hydrogen storage properties of the Mg/MgH2 system. Different “MgH2 + complex” composites were prepared by ball milling and impregnation method and the sorption kinetics and thermodynamic parameters of the formed systems were studied by TPD, DSC and PCT analyses. Finally, XRD, NMR, XPS, SEM and TEM techniques were used to understand the phenomena taking place during the hydrogenation and the dehydrogenation of the prepared composites.The best “MgH2 + complex” system prepared during this work (MgH2 doped with 20 wt% of NiHCl(PCy3)2 complex) is able to absorb 6 wt% of H2 at 100 °C in 30 min, and to release the stored hydrogen at 200 °C under vacuum. The apparent activation energies and the formation enthalpies of the composite are respectively of 22 and –65 kJ/mol H2 for the hydrogenation reaction (against 200 and –74,7 kJ/mol H2 for commercial Mg) and of 127 and 63 kJ/mol H2 for dehydrogenation (against 239 and 74,7 kJ/mol H2 for commercial MgH2).
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Basile Galey. Développement de poudres à base de MgH2 et de complexes de métaux de transition pour le stockage solide de l’hydrogène. Autre. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE1264⟩. ⟨tel-02657258⟩

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